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ФНЦ «ВИК им. В.Р. Вильямса»
(ранее ФГБНУ «ВНИИ кормов им. В.Р. Вильямса»)
Federal Williams Research Center of Forage Production & Agroecology

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< Справочник по кормопроизводству
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Compendium on Fodder Production. The 5-th edition updated and supplemented / Edited by V.M. Kosolapov and I.A. Trofimov. – Russian Agricultural Academy Press, 2014. – 717 p.
 
The new Compendium on Fodder Production is updated and supplemented edition, prepared on the fourth issue basis. Fodder production – is the most scale and multifunctional branch of agriculture, which integrates plant industry and animal husbandry, farming agriculture, ecology and rational nature management. The Compendium aims to provide easy-to-use guidance on many research areas, including biological, ecological, and economic characteristics of the basic crops of haylands and pastures, information about nature grasslands, meadow and field fodder production, seed multiplication of perennial grasses, the forage crops protection of weeds, pests and deceases, feed processing, preservation and utilization, mechanization of fodder production and rational nature management. Grasslands of Russia occupies the acreage about 92 mln ha (out of them the share of pastures - is 68 mln ha and haylands - is 24 mln ha); they stretch at all natural zones of the Russian Federation. The total reserve of feeds on the grasslands is 60-80 mln t on a dry matter. On the base of approaches and technologies, improving growth and propagation of the valuable crop species, they conduct a surface enriching of haylands and pastures on the preserved old seeded and natural grass stands without plowing and reseeding. As a result the yield ability increases in more than 1,5-2 times. Radical improvement of grasslands suspects the establishment of seeded grass stands on the base of regionized breeding varieties and provides increase yield in 2-3 and more times. The field fodder production is directed on perfection the specific and varietal structure of crops, disposition them in seed rotation system; on extension for optimal agro-technical parameters the sowing areas with legumes and high-protein oily crops. It will allow reducing the feed protein deficit and will promote the solving of this problem in the perspective. Increase the volume of fodders manufacture is not the only aim of fodder production as the agricultural branch. Fodder production provides stability of agrolandscapes, rational nature management and besides, improves ecology.
Key words: plant cultivation, natural grasslands, forage crops, meadows, field forage production, breeding, seed production, harvesting, storage, use of feeds.



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Год науки 2021

Журнал 'Адаптивное кормопроизводство'

Лаборатория молекулярно-генетических исследований кормовых культур

Минобрнауки России

Российская Академия Наук

Минсельхоз России

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